Carlitos Lunghi Site
Domician between years 81-96, was first in being made carve a obelisk to
erect it in its capital.
He ordered his stature and extraction of the quarries of Aswan and its
erection in front f the temple of the Iseo that had made construct in the
Mars Fields. In recorded hieroglyphic texts in his four faces it was made
name with the titles of the pharaoh.
It is not known where it was located originally, nevertheless in 4 century,
Maximo I place it in the circus in memory of its Romulo son, in the Via
Apia, near the tomb of Cecilia Metella.
The obelisck of Domician of 17.60 meters, was found broken in five
fragments in the circus of Romulo by Poggio, Mercati suggested to the
Pope Sixto V to re-erected before the basilic of St. Sebastian.
But was under the Pope Innocent X (Pamphilj), in 1654 who order to
Bernini its restoration and erection in the square of Navona, or " Agonale
Circus " where it is now.
Some fragment not be founded first, that is the reason that was be replace,
that fragment was founded after and now there are in the Egyptian
The circus was ocupated by 30.000 spectator. The stadium have three
magnificent fountains. In the fountain of the center was erected the
obelisk, is the fountain to The Four Rivers of Bernini, decorated by four
allegorical figures representing major rivers from the four regions of the
world known by those times: the Danube (Europe), the Nile (Africa), the
Ganges (Asia) and the Rio de la Plata (America).
In front of it stay the church of Saint Agnese in Agone, whose cons-
truction, begun in those same years by Girolamo and Carlo Rainaldi, was
finished by Borromini; using his most interesting style, he designed the
facade of the church curved inwards so that the dome would have looked
from the square much more advanced than its actual position, and
therefore more visible, as a perspective effect.
Bernini mocked his rival by having one of the two figures facing the
church, the Rio de la Plata, with one hand raised as if protecting itself
from the building likely to fall; this of course is only a legend.
Borromini's followers indeed criticized the fountain and said that it would
collapse (actually, the fountain's central part is hollow); therefore Bernini,
during one night, had four thin strings tied to the obelisk as a mock
protection, to tease his rivals once more.
F. Borromini, drawing for Navona´s square
Athanasius Kircher, his interpretation of the hieroglyphs
Actuals views to the obelisk of Navona´s square - Rome, Italy.
Detail to the egyptian jeroglifics imitationed by the romans
rear to a reconstruction for the fragment losed
The History of the Egyptian Obelisk